Review Article Open Access

Impact of Pest and Diseases on Mangrove Forest Rehabilitation in Indonesia: A Review

Andi Aznan Aznawi1, Mohammad Basyuni2, Mohammad Basyuni3, Diana Sofia Hanafiah1, Siti Halimah Larekeng4 and Sari Puspitha Mulya Sari5
  • 1 Program Study of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • 2 Department of Forestry, Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • 3 Center of Excellence for Mangrove, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • 4 Biotechnology and Tree Breeding Laboratory, Faculty of Forestry, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar, Indonesia
  • 5 Biotechnology Program, Graduate School of IPB University, Bogor, Indonesia


Mangroves are the constituent plants of tropical and subtropical intertidal regions of forest communities, comprising a biotic and abiotic environment for ecosystem services. Biotic factors greatly affect the health of mangrove forests, the decline in health in mangrove ecosystems is caused by pests and diseases on the leaves. The presence of pests and diseases that attack mangrove plants resulted in failure in forest rehabilitation efforts. This review investigates the types of pests found on mangrove leaves and the utilization of bioactive compounds in mangrove leaves that can suppress disease development. Its impact on mangrove forest rehabilitation efforts was discussed in this review. The knowledge and application from this review provided a guide in maintaining and conserving mangrove forests in Indonesia as one of the solutions in adaptation and mitigation to climate change

OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume 24 No. 4, 2024, 728-738


Submitted On: 15 May 2024 Published On: 9 July 2024

How to Cite: Aznawi, A. A., Basyuni, M., Hanafiah, D. S., Larekeng, S. H. & Mulya Sari, S. P. (2024). Impact of Pest and Diseases on Mangrove Forest Rehabilitation in Indonesia: A Review. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences, 24(4), 728-738.

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  • Conservation
  • Mangrove Leaf
  • Pest
  • Deaseas
  • Rehabilitation