Research Article Open Access

The Dynamics of Chemical Properties and Soil Microbial Types at Agroforestry System in Supporting Environmental Friendly Agriculture

Ida Suryani1, Sulfiana2, Maimuna Nontji3 and Marliana1
  • 1 Department of Agricultural Technology, Cokroaminoto University Makassar, Indonesia
  • 2 Department of Agribusiness, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic University of Makassar, Indonesia
  • 3 Department of Agrotechnology, Faculty of Agriculture, Muslim University of Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia

Abstract

Agroforestry is describedas the land-use system producingand conserving various agricultural,livestock, and fishery commodities combined with forestry commodities. The research aims todetermine the chemical properties of the soil and types of microbial (especiallythe presence of soilbacterial) inthe cocoa farmingsystem. The twotypes of analysis were conducted: (1) Soil chemical properties included pH, C-organic,N-total, P-available, and Potassium; (2) the type and number of bacterial. The research from November2018 to July 2019 atMamuju Regency, West Sulawesi. Soil samples used the sampling method (ring and composite).The analysis results showed the soil pH ranged from acidic to slightly acidic(between 4.73-5.76).The content of C-organic ranging from (1.39-2.56%); N-total value is very low (0.20-0.25%); P-availableis low (15.6-15.91ppm) and Potassium also low (0.13-0.21 cmol kg-1). The genus of bacterial found inthe research location: Pseudomonas inKalonding (289 cfu), Boda Boda (238 cfu), and Sisango (220 cfu); Alkaligenes were foundin Salukayu 2 (255 cfu)and Salumasa (220 cfu)and Klebsiella were found inBatupapan (265 cfu).

OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences
Volume 22 No. 3, 2022, 333-339

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2022.333.339

Submitted On: 12 March 2022 Published On: 16 August 2022

How to Cite: Suryani, I., Sulfiana, ., Nontji, M. & Marliana, . (2022). The Dynamics of Chemical Properties and Soil Microbial Types at Agroforestry System in Supporting Environmental Friendly Agriculture. OnLine Journal of Biological Sciences, 22(3), 333-339. https://doi.org/10.3844/ojbsci.2022.333.339

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Keywords

  • Soil Chemistry
  • Texture
  • Soil Microbial
  • Agroforestry
  • Environmental Friendly