Research Article Open Access

Optimization of Reinforced Concrete Beams and Steel Beams: A Comparative Study

Joel M. Ozimboski1, Zacarias M.C. Pravia1 and Moacir Kripka1
  • 1 University of Passo Fundo, Brazil

Abstract

In order to support the structural designer with regard to the selection of structural materials, this work presents results obtained from the optimization of reinforced concrete beams and welded “I” steel beams. To achieve this objective, both problems were formulated according to Brazilian standards, considering the cost as objective function and section dimensions as design variables. For the optimization of the proposed problems, Simulated Annealing optimization algorithm was adopted. Beams were optimized considering spans from 1 up to 25 m and two different loads. To the structures analyzed, the final costs for steel beams have always been higher than reinforced concrete, but concrete beams are significantly heavier than steel beams.

International Journal of Structural Glass and Advanced Materials Research
Volume 4 No. 1, 2020, 160-167

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3844/sgamrsp.2020.160.167

Submitted On: 16 April 2020 Published On: 18 June 2020

How to Cite: Ozimboski, J. M., Pravia, Z. M. & Kripka, M. (2020). Optimization of Reinforced Concrete Beams and Steel Beams: A Comparative Study. International Journal of Structural Glass and Advanced Materials Research, 4(1), 160-167. https://doi.org/10.3844/sgamrsp.2020.160.167

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Keywords

  • Optimization
  • Steel
  • Reinforced Concrete
  • Beams
  • Structures
  • Simulated Annealing