Research Article Open Access

q-Deformed Statistics from Position-Dependent Mass Schrödinger Equationa

Jesus Morales Rivas1, Jose Juan Peña Gil 1 and J. García Ravelo 2
  • 1 Departamento de Ciencias Básicas, Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana-Azc, Sn Pablo, 420, 02128, CdMx, Mexico
  • 2 Instituto Politécnico Nacional, ESFM-Sección de Graduados, Unidad Zacatenco, CdMx, Mexico


An algebraic approach is used to obtain the canonical form of the position-dependent mass Schrödinger equation from where a couple of canonical quantum variables, the q-deformed operators for the position xq, and the hermitian linear momentum operator pq are derived. In this q-deformed coordinate space, the commutator remains invariant namely [xq, pq] = . By taking advantage of these q-deformed variables, one gets to a q-deformed exponential function expq(x) as well as its corresponding q-deformed logarithm function lnq(x). From these q-deformed mathematical relations and from the fact that thermodynamic properties such as the internal energy U, entropy S, free energy F, heat capacity C, and others are related to the partition function Z and ln(Z), it is proposed their generalizations in terms of the q-deformed exponential and q-deformed logarithmic functions. As a result, the structure of Legendre transformations between these statistical properties remains invariant. The usefulness of the proposal is exemplified by considering two specific position-dependent mass distributions. In the same way, other possibilities could be used to generalize the statistical properties straightforwardly.

Journal of Mathematics and Statistics
Volume 19 No. 1, 2023, 20-27


Submitted On: 15 May 2023 Published On: 15 September 2023

How to Cite: Rivas, J. M., Gil , J. J. P. & Ravelo , J. G. (2023). q-Deformed Statistics from Position-Dependent Mass Schrödinger Equationa. Journal of Mathematics and Statistics, 19(1), 20-27.

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  • Thermodynamic Properties
  • Deformed Exponential Function
  • Position-Dependent Mass