Spline Estimator in Multi-Response Nonparametric Regression Model with Unequal Correlation of Errors
Problem statement: In many applications two or more dependent variables are observed at several values of the independent variables, such as at time points. The statistical problems are to estimate functions that model their dependences on the independent variables and to investigate relationships between these functions. Nonparametric regression model, especially smoothing splines provide powerful tools to model the functions which draw association of these variables. Approach: Penalized weighted least-squares was used to jointly estimate nonparametric functions from contemporaneously correlated data. We apply Generalized Maximum Likelihood (GML), Generalized Cross Validation (GCV) and leaving-out-one-pair Cross Validation (CV) for estimating the smoothing parameters, the weighting parameters and the correlation parameter Results: In this study we formulated the multi-response nonparametric regression model with unequal correlation of errors and give a theoretical method for both obtaining distribution of the response and estimating the nonparametric function in the model. We also estimate the smoothing parameters, the weighting parameters and the correlation parameter simultaneously by applying three methods GML, GCV and CV. Conclusion: Distribution of responses is normal. With multiple correlated responses it is better to estimate these functions jointly using the penalized weighted least-squares.
Copyright: © 2010 Budi Lestari, I. Nyoman Budiantara, Sony Sunaryo and Muhammad Mashuri. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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- Multi-response nonparametric regression model
- penalized weighted least-squares
- generalized maximum likelihood
- generalized cross validation
- leaving-out-one-pair cross validation